About F1963

A wire factory becomes a cultural factory, multicultural complex F1963

A wire factory once full of machinery becomes a multicultural complex

F1963 was established in 2016 by global wire manufacturer Kiswire. In its name F1963, the letter “F” stands for factory while “1963” denotes the year that Kiswire built its first factory in Busan’s Suyeong District. With the hosting of the Busan Biennale 2016 on September 2016, F1963’s first opening event, the factory that had manufactured wire ropes for 45 years from 1963 to 2008 has been reborn as a multicultural complex. F1963 is an eco-friendly space that brings people, art and culture together.

F1963 is a place where nature and art coexist, and all genre of culture and arts are available 365 days a year.
F1963 will continue its efforts to bring artists and the community together to become a world-class cultural complex.

Since 1963

F1963 Past and Present

  • 1963

    Establishes Kiswire Suyeong Factory

  • 2008

    Production at Kiswire Suyeong Factory comes to an end. All manufacturing facilities are relocated outside of Busan

  • 2016

    Reborn as a multicultural complex F1963

F1963 Concept


    From a wire factory to a cultural factory

    A place where creation and consumption take place ( Creating, Showing, Consuming )


    Coexistence of the mind, culture and art

    Art (exhibitions) + Performance (plays, classic and popular music concerts) + Humanities (books and library) + Café (gathering)


    A place for people of all ages

    A multicultural complex that offers various programs for all ages


    A forest within a city for enjoying slow life

    Outdoor bamboo forest and kitchen garden form a green eco-friendly zone

Day + Evening + Night / A cultural factory full of energy 365 days a year3 SQUARES : each sectional “square” facility has a specific function and separate operating hours

Old intertwined with new: an architectural regeneration project

F1963 is an example of an architectural regeneration that finds an artful balance of old and new. While the old factory exterior has been preserved, the interior was renovated to give the building a new purpose. The building has been renovated according to the philosophy of architect Cho ByoungSoo - the memories and things of the past reinterpreted and recycled to give birth to a new creative form that radiates beauty in the regeneration itself.

F1963 was conceived through many new structural additions, along with the carving out of the center to build a courtyard which provides ventilation and lighting. The front walls were removed and replaced with glass, and blue-hued expanded metal was added to accentuate the expandability of space and create a new image. The worn concrete floor that bears the scars of the old factory have been transformed into landscaping rocks and stepping stones, and the wooden truss that once sustained the roof has been restored as a bench for visitors to sit and relax.

Preservation : reuse and recycle / Carving : courtyard, façade / Additions : blue fabric (expanded metal)

Stroll and meditate in the garden

Sharing similar qualities of wire, solid but flexible bamboos form gardens and a mini forest at F1963. A walk through the bamboo trail and visit to the gardens will be a healing experience.

A diverse space that excites like a captivating novel

The spatial concept of the architecture is “Three Squares.” The first center square serves as a multi-purpose space for seminars, parties, concerts and performances. With the bare ground exposed and the roof completely open, it is designed to be a place where earth meets sky. The second square is a place to unwind. It houses a café, microbrewery bar/restaurant, and an image library. The third square is a cultural space featuring an exhibition hall, library and bookstore to provide diverse contents on art and culture.